Recent advances in hydrogen production using MXenes-based metal sulfide photocatalysts

  • Asieh Akhoondi Department of Chemical Engineering, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
  • Hadi Ghaebi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P.O. Box 179, Ardabil, Iran
  • Lakshmanan Karuppasamy Department of Environmental Engineering and Science, Feng Chia University, Taichung 407, Taiwan
  • Mohammed M. Rahman Department of Chemistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, P.O. Box 80203, Saudi Arabia
  • Panneerselvam Sathishkumar Department of Chemistry, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore - 63014, India


At present, the composition and crystalline structure of transition metal nitrides or carbides (MXenes) and their derivatives are continuously expanding due to their unique physicochemical properties, especially in the photocatalytic field. Advances over the past four years have led to improved preparation of new MAX phases, resulting in new MXenes with excellent photo-thermal effect, considerable specific surface area, long-term stability and optimum activity. Since MXenes have good electrical conductivity and their bandgap is adjustable under the visible light range, this group is one of the best promising candidates for hydrogen production from photo-splitting of water as an environment-friendly method of converting sunlight to chemical energy. Progress in noble metal-free photocatalyst associated with more understanding of the fundamental mechanism of photocatalysis has enabled a proper choice of cocatalyst with better efficiency. In this study, the photocatalytic production of hydrogen through MXens as a support and co-catalyst on metal sulfide is summarized and discussed. Recent advances in the design and synthesis of MXenes-based metal sulfide nanocomposites to increase the efficiency of photocatalytic hydrogen production are then highlighted. Finally, the challenges and future prospects for the development of MXenes-based metal sulfide composites are outlined.


Download data is not yet available.
Keywords: MXenes-based metal sulfide, Photocatalyst, H2 production, Semiconductor, Synthesis
Recent advances in hydrogen production using MXenes-based metal sulfide photocatalysts
How to Cite
Akhoondi, A., Ghaebi, H., Karuppasamy, L., Rahman, M. M., & Sathishkumar, P. (2022). Recent advances in hydrogen production using MXenes-based metal sulfide photocatalysts. Synthesis and Sintering, 2(1), 37-54.