Sensitivity analysis of fluid flow parameters on the performance of fully dense ZrB2-made micro heat exchangers

  • Mohsen Naderi 1
  • Mohammad Vajdi 1
  • Farhad Sadegh Moghanlou 1
  • Hossein Nami 2
  • 1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
  • 2 SDU Life Cycle Engineering, Department of Green Technology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, Odense M 5230, Denmark

Abstract

Heat exchangers are important in modern technology and are used in various industries such as power plants, automobiles and airplanes. Their main role is to ensure efficient heat transfer tailored to specific system needs. With miniaturized electronics, challenges such as circuit overheating have emerged, increasing the demand for compact yet high-performance heat exchangers. The advent of micro-electromechanical systems has increased the application of micro heat exchangers with their high surface-to-volume ratio promising enhanced efficiency. Although metals such as aluminum are commonly used for fabricating heat exchangers, their susceptibility to corrosion and high temperatures limits their usefulness. This study turns attention to ultrahigh temperature ceramics, specifically fully sintered ZrB2, known for their high temperature durability and oxidation resistance. Utilizing the Taguchi approach, a robust optimization method, this study explores the sensitivity analysis of fluid flow parameters on the performance of fully dense ZrB2-made micro heat exchangers and highlights the potential of ceramics in heat exchanger construction. Based on the results, the mass flow rate with an estimated contribution of 4.4% in the effectiveness is the most influential parameter on the performance, and in the best case, the effectiveness reaches 24.3%.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Keywords: Micro heat exchangers, ZrB2, Taguchi method, ANOVA, Heat transfer, Pressure drop

References

[1] S. Kakaç, H. Liu, A. Pramuanjaroenkij, Heat exchangers: selection, rating, and thermal design, CRC Press, Boca Raton. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429469862.
[2] A. Hajatzadeh Pordanjani, S. Aghakhani, M. Afrand, B. Mahmoudi, O. Mahian, S. Wongwises, An updated review on application of nanofluids in heat exchangers for saving energy, Energy Convers. Manag. 198 (2019) 111886. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2019.111886.
[3] M.S. Bretado-de los Rios, C.I. Rivera-Solorio, K.D.P. Nigam, An overview of sustainability of heat exchangers and solar thermal applications with nanofluids: A review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 142 (2021) 110855. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2021.110855.
[4] B. Alm, U. Imke, R. Knitter, U. Schygulla, S. Zimmermann, Testing and simulation of ceramic micro heat exchangers, Chem. Eng. J. 135 (2008) S179–S184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2007.07.005.
[5] R.K. Shah, Research needs in low Reynolds number flow heat exchangers, Heat Transf. Eng. 3 (1981) 49–61. https://doi.org/10.1080/01457638108939580.
[6] S. Wu, J. Mai, Y.C. Tai, C.M. Ho, Micro heat exchanger by using MEMS impinging jets, in Tech. Dig. IEEE Int. MEMS 99 Conf. Twelfth IEEE Int. Conf. Micro Electro Mech. Syst. (Cat. No.99CH36291), IEEE. (1999) 171–176. https://doi.org/10.1109/MEMSYS.1999.746799.
[7] S.A. Ashrafizadeh, Application of second law analysis in heat exchanger systems, Entropy. 21 (2019) 606. https://doi.org/10.3390/e21060606.
[8] S. Nekahi, M. Vajdi, F. Sadegh Moghanlou, K. Vaferi, A. Motallebzadeh, et al., TiB2–SiC-based ceramics as alternative efficient micro heat exchangers, Ceram. Int. 45 (2019) 19060–19067. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.06.150.
[9] I.L. Denry, Recent advances in ceramics for dentistry, Crit. Rev. Oral Biol. Med. 7 (1996) 134–143. https://doi.org/10.1177/10454411960070020201.
[10] F. Sadegh Moghanlou, M. Vajdi, M. Sakkaki, S. Azizi, Effect of graphite die geometry on energy consumption during spark plasma sintering of zirconium diboride, Synth. Sinter. 1 (2021) 54–61. https://doi.org/10.53063/synsint.2021.117.
[11] M. Vajdi, F. Sadegh Moghanlou, F. Sharifianjazi, M. Shahedi Asl, M. Shokouhimehr, A review on the Comsol Multiphysics studies of heat transfer in advanced ceramics, J. Compos. Compd. 2 (2020) 35–44. https://doi.org/10.29252/jcc.2.1.5.
[12] A. Sommers, Q. Wang, X. Han, C. T’Joen, Y. Park, A. Jacobi, Ceramics and ceramic matrix composites for heat exchangers in advanced thermal systems—A review, Appl. Therm. Eng. 30 (2010) 1277–1291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2010.02.018.
[13] M. Vajdi, S. Mohammad Bagheri, F. Sadegh Moghanlou, A. Shams Khorrami, Numerical investigation of solar collectors as a potential source for sintering of ZrB2, Synth. Sinter. 1 (2021) 76–84. https://doi.org/10.53063/synsint.2021.128.
[14] M. Shahedi Asl, A. Sabahi Namini, S.A. Delbari, Z. Ahmadi, M. Farvizi, et al., An interfacial survey on the microstructure of ZrB2-based ceramics codoped with carbon fibers and SiC whiskers, Mater. Chem. Phys. 275 (2022) 125322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2021.125322.
[15] Z. Ahmadi, M. Shahedi Asl, M. Zakeri, M. Farvizi, On the reactive spark plasma sinterability of ZrB2–SiC–TiN composite, J. Alloys Compd. 909 (2022) 164611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2022.164611.
[16] A. Shima, M. Kazemi, Influence of TiN addition on densification behavior and mechanical properties of ZrB2 ceramics, Synth. Sinter. 3 (2023) 46–53. https://doi.org/10.53063/synsint.2023.31133.
[17] J.W. Zimmermann, G.E. Hilmas, W.G. Fahrenholtz, R.B. Dinwiddie, W.D. Porter, H. Wang, Thermophysical properties of ZrB2 and ZrB2–SiC ceramics, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91 (2008) 1405–1411. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-2916.2008.02268.x.
[18] M. Ghasilzadeh Jarvand, Z. Balak, Oxidation response of ZrB2–SiC–ZrC composites prepared by spark plasma sintering, Synth. Sinter. 2 (2022) 191–197. https://doi.org/10.53063/synsint.2022.24134.
[19] M. Jaberi Zamharir, M. Shahedi Asl, M. Zakeri, M. Razavi, Microstructure of spark plasma coated ultrahigh temperature ZrB2–SiC–Si composites on a graphite substrate, Silicon. 15 (2023) 6015–6024. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12633-023-02475-7.
[20] H. Istgaldi, M. Mehrabian, F. Kazemi, B. Nayebi, Reactive spark plasma sintering of ZrB2-TiC composites: Role of nano-sized carbon black additive, Synth. Sinter. 2 (2022) 67–77. https://doi.org/10.53063/synsint.2022.22107.
[21] D.B. Tuckerman, R.F.W. Pease, High-performance heat sinking for VLSI, IEEE Electron Device Lett. 2 (1981) 126–129. https://doi.org/10.1109/EDL.1981.25367.
[22] P.E.B. Mello, S. Scuotto, F. Ortega, G. Donato, Heat transfer and pressure drop in a plate and fin ceramic heat exchanger, 8th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Lisbon, Portugal. (2013) 16–20.
[23] T. Fend, W. Völker, R. Miebach, O. Smirnova, D. Gonsior, et al, Experimental investigation of compact silicon carbide heat exchangers for high temperatures, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 54 (2011) 4175–4181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2011.05.028.
[24] M. Fattahi, K. Vaferi, M. Vajdi, F. Sadegh Moghanlou, A. Sabahi Namini, M. Shahedi Asl, Aluminum nitride as an alternative ceramic for fabrication of microchannel heat exchangers: A numerical study, Ceram. Int. 46 (2020) 11647–11657. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.01.195.
[25] C.A. Lewinsohn, M.A. Wilson, J.R. Fellows, H.S. Anderson, Fabrication and joining of ceramic compact heat exchangers for process integration, Int. J. Appl. Ceram. Technol. 9 (2012) 700–711. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7402.2012.02788.x.
[26] N.J. Rathod, M.K. Chopra, U.S. Vidhate, N.B. Gurule, U.V. Saindane, Investigation on the turning process parameters for tool life and production time using Taguchi analysis, Mater. Today Proc. 47 (2021) 5830–5835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.04.199.
[27] A. Dwivedi, M. Mohsin Khan, H.S. Pali, Numerical analysis of microchannel heat sink composed of SiC and CNT reinforced ZrB2 composites, J. Eng. Res. 10 (2022) 1–15. https://doi.org/10.36909/jer.18359.
[28] M. Vajdi, M. Shahedi Asl, S. Nekahi, F. Sadegh Moghanlou, S. Jafargholinejad, M. Mohammadi, Numerical assessment of beryllium oxide as an alternative material for micro heat exchangers, Ceram. Int. 46 (2020) 19248–19255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.04.263.
[29] R.K. Shah, D.P. Sekuli, Fundamentals of heat exchanger design, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. (2003). https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470172605.

Cited By

Crossref Google Scholar
Sensitivity analysis of fluid flow parameters on the performance of fully dense ZrB2-made micro heat exchangers
Submitted
2023-02-24
Published
2023-06-27
How to Cite
Naderi, M., Vajdi, M., Sadegh Moghanlou, F., & Nami, H. (2023). Sensitivity analysis of fluid flow parameters on the performance of fully dense ZrB2-made micro heat exchangers. Synthesis and Sintering, 3(2), 88-106. https://doi.org/10.53063/synsint.2023.32143

Most read articles by the same author(s)