Recent advances in synthesis and applications of mixed matrix membranes
Researchers are currently considering membranes separation processes due to their eco-friendly, process simplicity and high efficiency. Selecting a suitable and efficient operation is the primary concern of researchers in the field of separation industries. In recent decades, polymeric and inorganic membranes in the separation industry have made significant progress. The polymeric and inorganic membranes have been challenged due to their competitiveness in permeability and selectivity factors. A combination of nanoparticle fillers within the polymer matrix is an effective method to increase polymeric and inorganic membranes’ efficiency in separation processes. Mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) have been considered by the separation industry due to high mechanical and physicochemical, and transfer properties. Moreover, gas separation, oil treatment, heavy metal ions removal, water treatment and oil-water separation are common MMMs applications. Selecting suitable polymer blends and fillers is the key to the MMMs construction. The combination of rubbery and glassy polymers with close solubility parameters increases the MMMs performance. The filler type and synthesis methods also affect the morphological and transfer properties of MMMs significantly. Zeolites, graphene oxide (GO), nanosilica, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), zeolite imidazole frameworks (ZIFs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are used in the MMMs synthesis as fillers. Finally, solution mixing, polymerization in situ and sol-gel are the primary synthesising MMMs methods.
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