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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Three expert reviewers (full name, organizational email address, and affiliation) in the field are suggested in the cover letter.
  • The manuscript is original and unpublished, and is not being or having been submitted for publication to any other journal.
  • The submission text is spell-checked, grammar-checked, single-spaced, and 12-point font Microsoft Word file format.
  • Permission is obtained for the reuse of copyrighted materials from other sources.
  • All figures and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points.
  • Graphical Abstract is provided.

Author Guidelines

Synthesis and Sintering covers the science of advanced materials. The journal encourages contributions that demonstrate how an understanding of the phenomena related to synthesis and sintering, in order to obtain materials with desired structures and properties.


Types of paper:

Research papers; review articles; short communications.


Article Structure:

Please follow this order when preparing the manuscripts:
Title, Authors, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords, Main text, Acknowledgements, Appendix, References. 


Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations where possible.

Names and Affiliations

Where the family name may be ambiguous, please indicate this clearly. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.

Corresponding author

Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication (E-mail address is necessary).


A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.


Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of six keywords. Each keyword should be accompanied by a capital letter denoting the category from which the keyword has been selected.


State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background.

Experimental procedure/theory/calculation

Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.

A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results and discussion

A combined Results and discussion section is appropriate. Results should be clear and concise. Discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short conclusions section.


Collate acknowledgments in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. 


Please check that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list and vice versa. 

Indicate references by numbers in square brackets in line with the text. Examples: "..... reported elsewhere [4,12]. Mansoor et al. [7] achieved ....".

Example of reference to a journal publication in the Reference List: [1] A. Akhoondi, A.I. Osman, A. Alizadeh Eslami, Direct catalytic production of dimethyl ether from CO and CO2: A review, Synth. Sinter. 1 (2021) 105-120.

How to reference a book in the Reference List: [2] Authors, Title, Edition, Publisher, City, Year.

Using the most popular reference management software such as Mendeley that supports citation style, authors can select the "Ceramics International" journal template when preparing their manuscript, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the style of Synthesis and Sintering.

Important notes:

• Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. The abstract, acknowledgments and references are not included in section numbering. 

• Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

• Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI).

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in Synthesis and Sintering site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.